Draw it out
This plan should include specific spaces for placing the various elements of the system throughout your lawn or garden. Before actually doing any digging, test out a few areas using the diagram as a map.
After drawing your diagram, spend a little time choosing the best system for your plants, grass, or garden.
A few simple guidelines that can help you determine how to set up your map include: placing ½ gph drippers in clay soil, 1-gph drippers in loam, and 2-gph drippers in sandy soil.
Then add the gph rate for drippers, bubblers, sprayers, and sprinklers. With ½ inch tubing, limit the total to between 150-200 gph and for an entire area limit it to no more than 60 metres.
Shut off water valves
A timer is not required but the backflow preventer is necessary. Some systems come with a hose or a pipe thread, so make sure to match them if you have to buy parts because incompatible threads will lead to leaks.
Lay your tubing
To soften the tube, consider leaving it out in the sun for a few hours. You can use gardening shears to cut the tubing and cover it with mulch if necessary.
For an easier installation, make sure to purchase tubing that is compatible with each other. Most hardware stores carry universal fittings that are compatible with all sizes.
To set the tubes in place, you will need to purchase clamps to ensure the sections hold together with the pressure of the water running through them when the system is complete.
Make holes in the tubing
A simple hole-punch will suffice in making the punctures in the hose. When the system is ready, you can flush the tubes out by running water through it.
Then, you are ready to water your garden, make sure that the roots and the plants are being well watered and complete a visual inspection of the area to be completely sure.
Make adjustments as needed.
Maintaining your irrigation system
Make sure to unhook the system from the water valve during the winter in case of freezing and remove the tubing after draining it. Taking the time to regularly maintain your system will keep it operating efficiently and mean fewer repairs as time goes on.
With an effective irrigation system operating well, you can rest easy knowing that your garden is getting all the water it needs to stay healthy and look amazing.