There are a few differences between bare root and potted trees. One of the main differences is generally a lower cost. A bare root tree is a dormant tree that does not have a pot or growing medium (hence the name bare root). This makes bare root less costly to store and ship compared to a potted plant because there are less weight, space, and care issues. Bare root plants generally establish themselves easier as well when transplanted properly. Transplanting a bare root specimen should be done either just after the native trees become dormant, or just before the native trees begin spring growth.
This is an important topic. If you are planting a tree you want to keep it away from concrete paths and houses. The roots of large trees can do serious damage over time. Make sure that there will be enough room for the spread of the branches at full maturity. You don’t want a tree getting out of hand and growing towards a structure. Never plant a tree under power lines or above underground pipes or structures. Space each tree so that the roots won’t strangle out other plants in the area. Finally, make sure that the tree will receive proper sun light and soil moister.
If you have a bare root tree then you will only need to gently spread the roots as you transplant it. If the tree is potted or the roots are balled up, then you will want to gently loosen and separate the root system so that it will spread out over time. Dig a hole for the tree that is roughly 3x the diameter of the pot and the same depth as the pot. Fill in the hole and pack the dirt down. Water the new tree and stake it if necessary. It is generally a good idea to cover the exposed dirt at the base of the tree with mulch or a similar medium.
One main thing would be over-watering them. That and putting mulch too high on the base of the tree. You do not want to do that.
Hostas are generally a great choice for shaded areas, but they will require extra care to make sure that the soil stays moist when planted under a canopy. You will want to be careful when digging around the base of the tree. Oak trees can be very sensitive to root disturbance. The best course of action would be to plant small hostas. Hostas in a #1 pot or smaller would be best. This means that the holes will be as small as possible. Make sure that you do not sever any roots that are over 1” in diameter. You should never dig within 12” of the base of a tree. Since many hostas have a mature spread around 2’, it would be best to plant these 18” or more from the base of the tree.
One Jane Magnolia tree valued at $110!
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